In Ethiopia, various factors such as population increases, insufficient land for agriculture and limited rainfall, land and food supplies have contributed to migration from rural to urban areas in search of jobs.
In northern Ethiopia’s Tigray region, households often support their subsistence farming livelihoods with migration in response to a lack of productive agriculture in rural areas. Migrants primarily travel to the Gulf nations and Europe, engaging in domestic work, construction and/or trade.
The Gamo area of southern Ethiopia, particularly the Gamo Highlands, is a well-known source of internal migration in the country. Migrants travel primarily to Addis Ababa and contribute to the city’s weaving community (Shero Meda). Migration to urban areas for better employment is a response to limited employment opportunities, a shortage of land for agriculture, declining agricultural productivity, population pressure, and poor governance.
Mekelle University: Haramaya University: Arba Minch University:
Arba Minch University:
Mengistu Dessalegn, Researcher, International Water Management Institute — M.Dessalegn@cgiar.org
Alan Nicol, Strategic Program Director – Water, Growth and Inclusion, International Water Management Institute — A.Nicol@cgiar.org